1) Turquoise Gemstone of the people, a stone of friendship.
Natural Turquoise Gem stone, is one
of the most widely known gems in the world. Turquoise was among the first
gems to be mined. The legendary home of the worldâ€™s finest turquoise is the
mines at Nishapur.
Nishapur or Nishabur is a city in the Razavi Khorasan province in north eastern Iran.
It was named by Iranians initially "pirouzeh" meaning "victory" and later after Arab invasion "firouzeh".
In the Indian market the gem is also known as the â€˜Phirozaâ€™ or Feroza.
over 1,000 years as it was used
extensively for protection and healing, It found its way into religion, art,
trade, treaty negotiations and jewellery.
Turquoise is the national Gemstone of Iran (Persia).
Persian Turquoise has the best quality in the world. Much of the turquoise from sources other than the Nishabur mines will become greenish or whitish within a year, even if it was a beautiful blue at the time it was mined. Persian turquoise even after polishing has maintain its naturally beautiful sky-blue colour.
The colour, texture and matrix of natural turquoise gemstone are more important than the cut, carat weight or clarity as the deciding factors of its price.
The most beautiful and attractive turquoise colour is said to be â€˜sky-blueâ€™. Since gems with the best blue colour were mined in Iran (former Persia), the colour is also described as â€˜Persian Blueâ€™.
The presence of matrix reduces the value of the gem, however the â€˜spiderweb matrixâ€™ (an attractive brown or black limonite veining) may increase the gemâ€™s value if the result is complimentary.
Natural Turquoise can be quite expensive and it is for this reason many different imitations exist on the market today.
Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium, with the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8Â·4H2O. It is rare and valuable in finer grades. Its specific gravity falls between 2.60 and 2.85 and the refractive index ranges between 1.610 and 1.650. The gemstones hardness on Mohs scale is 5.5 to 6.
The Turquoise Gemstone has long been believed to be a magical stone that connects spiritual awareness and develops inner strength and calm. Turquoise has always been worn as a natural protection against the powers of darkness, even now it is used as the protective stone of pilots and aircrews and many other occupations deemed as high risk.
The colour of turquoise makes feel
happy and cheerful, protect their wearer against Evil eye. Those suffering
from depression are recommended to wear a turquoise.
Persian Scholar Al-Qazwini: The hands that wear a turquoise and seals with it will never see poverty.
Wearing a pendant or ring of superior gem-quality untreated Persian turquoise is an elegant luxury.
The Turquoise Gemstone is the official stone for December and is also used to celebrate five years of marriage.
Natural Turquoise is sensitive to
chemicals and may change color, so strict care is necessary.
If you wear a Turquoise ring, it should always be removed before washing your hands and perspiration should be cleaned off gently with water.
Turquoise Jewellery should always be stored in a cool, dark box in acid free tissue paper, away from other Jewellery that may cause it damage.
Amethyst is the purple variety of
quartz and the most valued member of the quartz family. Its natural deep
violet colour with the red flash is the most prised one.
There is a big Amethyst mine in Iran which has different grades of Amethyst.
Amethyst boosts hormone production, tunes the endocrine system and metabolism. It strengthens the immune system. Clean the blood. Relieves physical, emotional and psychological pain or stress. Amethyst eases headaches and releases tension. It reduces bruising, swellings, injuries, and treats hearing disorders. Amethyst heals diseases of the lungs and respiratory tract, skin conditions, cellular disorders and diseases of the digestive tract.